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Sailing Directions Entering Dire Strait in SL™

Leaving Blake Sea, to Enter Dire Strait

when leaving Fastnet Rock south by east, you will find clear water to 6m for a distance of 4km you will find the stone-light at spyglass on your bow.  Bear N’ward to enter The Channel and leave the island at pslande on your st’bd for 2km.

Bear N by N.E. and leave the Lighthouse at Dex, a white tower showing red flashing every 4 seconds, on your st’bd at 300m. As you enter Heckendorf steer N by W to cross into the treacherous Four Corners until Mapple maintaining a n’westerly course until you enter Dire Strait on that heading for 1.5km.

Fall away to W by N.W. as you enter Elijah, as you approach Ahab’s Haunt be ware of the shallows good anchorage in the lee to the N and E’wd of the Bones.The original inspiration, transcribed:

SAILING DIRECTIONS

To Enter Long Island Sound

From the Southw’d and Westw’d Bring Montauk Lt. Ho. to bear N. by W. 3/4 W. (N. 29° W.) distant 1 3/4 miles, with 8 fms. water, sandy bottom: steer N. 3/4 E. (Noth) 3 1/4 miles, until Montauk Lt. Ho. bears S.W. by S. 1/4 S. (S. 22° 45’W.) distant 2 miles, with 7 fms. water; gravelly bottom, haul in to N.W. 1/2 W. (N.371/2° W.) and run 13 miles which will take you into the Race, 1 mile E.N.E. from Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. leaving Shagwag Reef 1 mile to the Southw’d and Westw’d, and Cerberus Shoal 1 mile to the Northw’d and Eastw’d.  After making Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. be careful, especially if Flood tide, to keep it on the port bow. If wishing to pass to the Eastward of Cerberus Shoal, when Montaul Lt. Ho. bears S.W. by S. 1/4 S. (S. 22°45’W) distant 2 miles, steer N.W. by N. 1/4 N. (N. 41°W.) 7 miles, when Little Gill I. Lt. Ho. will bear W. by N. 1/4 N. (N.831/2°W) with 25 fms water, grey sand and black specks, Cerberus Shoal lying between 1 1/4 and 1 1/2 miles to the Southw’d and Westw’d.  Then haul in to W. by N. 3/4 N. (N. 77° W) and run 7 miles when you will be in the Race, which is ususally indicated by a heavy rip. To avoid Valiant Rock, which is in the middle of the Race, be careful not to open Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. to the Southw’d of Great Gull I. until Mistic Lt. Ho. is open midway between N. and S. Hammocks.

From the Southw’d and Eastw’d, give the S.W. point of Block I. a berth of 1 mile, passing between it and the S.W. Ledge, with 7 & 8 fms. water, and steer W. by N 3/4 N. (N. 77°W.) 22 miles, when you will be in the Race as before

The tidal current in the Race, runs an hour longer past Little Gull I. than past the West end of Fishers Island.  Towards the end of the tidal current this is of great advantage, and can be used as the wind may serve.

From the Race, the course up the sound is West (S. 82° W.)

From Narragansett Bay when Beavertail Lt. Ho. bears N 3/4 E. (North) distant 3/4 of a mile, with 13 1/2 fms. water, rocky bottom, steer S.W. 1/2 S. (S. 32°W.) 6 3/4 miles, when Pt. Judith will bear N 3/4 W (North) distant 1 mile, with 7 fms. water, grey sand and gravel, If bound through the Race, steer W. 3/4 S. (S. 75° W.) 28 1/2 miles, which will take you to the Race, 1 mile E.N.E. from Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. leaving Valiant Rock 1/2 of a mile to the Northw’d. If bound through Fisher’s I. Sound,  steer West (S. 81 1/2° W.) 17 1/2 miles, which will take you in between Watch Hill Lt. Ho. and the Spindle on Watch Hill Reef, with 4 1/2 fms. water, rocky bottom, passing the Light House 1/4 of a mile distant and giving Gangway Rock Buoy a berth of 50 yards.

Through Fisher’s I. Sound, Steer W 3/4 N. (S. 89° W.) leaving Napatree Pt. and Latimer’s Spondle 1/4 of a mile to the Northw’d until Great Gull I. opens to the Westw’d of Fisher’s I. and in range with S. Hammock.  Thence to pass up Long Island Sound steer W. by S. (S. 71 1/2° W.) which course will carry you 1/4 of a mile North of N. Hammock and 1/2 of a mile South of Lt. Boat on Bartlett’s Reef.

Bound into Narragansett Bay

From the Southw’d and Westw’d. When Montauk Lt. Ho. bears N. by W. 3/4 W. (N. 29° W.) distant 1 3/4 miles to pass inside of Block I. steer S. E. 1/2 E. (N/ 42° E.) 24 miles, leaving the end of the Shoal off the North point of Block I. 3/4 of a mile the the Southw’d and Eastw’d.  When Pt. Judith Lt. Ho. will bear N. 3/4 E. (North) distant 1 mile, with 7 fms. water, grey sand and gravel, then steer N.E. 1/2 N. (N. 32 E.) 7 miles, when Beavertail Lt. Ho. will bear N. 3/4 E. (North) 1/2 of a mile distant. To pass outside of Block I. steer E. by N 1/4 N. (N. 67 1/2 E.) 15 1/2 miles, when the S.E. point of block I. will bear N.W. by W. (N. 66° W.) distant 1 mile, leaving the S.W. Ledge 3/4 of a mile to the Northw’d.  Now steer N.E. by N. 3/4 N. (N. 18° E.) 13 1/2 miles, when Beavertail Lt. Ho. will bear as above.

From the Race bound to Martha’s Vineyard Sound, the course is E. Nertherly (N. 81° E.)

Bound into Gardiner’s Bay

From the Southw’d and Westw’d. Follow the direction for entering Long I. sound until in 14 fms. water, to the Northw’d and Westw’d of Montauk Lt. Ho. when steer W. by N. 1/4 N. (N. 82° W.) until Plum I. Light Ho. is in sight, when run for it.  When Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. bears N.E. (N. 37 1/2° E) just open to the port hand of Mistic Lt. Ho. and N. Hammock, steer S.W. (S. 37 1/2° W) keeping that bearing.  If intending to anchor under Gardiner’s I., when Plum I. Lt. Ho. bears N.W. (N 52 1/2° W.) steer S.S.E. (S. 30° E) 2 miles, and anchor in from 3 1/2 to 4 1/2 fms. water, muddy bottom.

From the Southw’d and Eastw’d. Give the S.W. point of Block I. a berth of 1/2 of a mile and steer W. 3/4 N. (W.) until Montauk Lt. Ho. bears S. 1/2 E. (S. 13 1/2° E/) distant 4 miles, when steer W. bty N. 1/2 N. (N. 82° W.) for Plum I. Lt. Ho. as before directed.

Crow Shoal in Gardiner’s Bay lies 1 1/2 miles N. 3/4 E. (North) from Hog Creek Pt.  to avoid it, keep Great Gull I. open with Gardiner’s Pt.

Sailing Directions for New London (See Harbor Chart)

Sailing Directions for Stonington (See Chart of Fisher’s I. Sound)

Dangers

1st. Montauk Shoal lies S. by E. (S. 19°41′ E.) from Montauk Lt. Ho. distant 2 1/2 miles, with 4 fms water, hard sand, and 12 fms. inside.  It is plainly shown by the rip.

2nd. S.W. Ledge lies 2 1/2 to 4 miles to the Southw’d and Westw’d of the S. W. point of Block I. is 1 1/2 miles in length , running in a N.E. and S.W. (N. 37° E.) and (S. 37° W./) direction, and has on the shortest part 5 fms. water, rocky bottom.  The marks for it are the East point on the South side of Block I. just open with the Middle Pt. and Block I. Lt. Ho. open two cables length to the Westw’d of Grace’s Pt.  Upon the two shoals it breaks in heavy weather from the seaward.

3rd. Shoal off North Pt. of Block I. extends one mile North of the Lt. House and is very dangerous to approach; the tidal current setting directly across it with great strength.  The marks to clear this shoal, are Old Harbor Pt. open with Clay Head, and Pt. Judith Lt. Ho. bearing N.E. (N. 36° E.)

4th. Squids Ledge lies 1 1/2 miles West of Pt. judith Lt. Ho. and extends 3/4 of a mile in length from N. by W. to S. by E. (N. 19° W. by S. 19° E.) with 13 feet water near each end, rocky bottom.

5th. Newtons Rock lies 300 yards S.S.W. ( S. 14° W.) from Beavertail Lt. Ho. and is awash.

6th. Jones’ Ledge lies E. by S. (East) 1/2 of a mile from Watsons Pier and S. by W. (South) 1/2 of a mile from Bonnet Pt. and has but 7 feet water upon it, with 6 fms. close in around it.

7th. Shagwong Reef lies N.W. 1/2 N. (N. 47° W.)  3 3/4 miles from Montauk Lt. Ho. and has but 5 feet water upon it, and 4 fms. inside.  If bound into Fort Pond Bay, keep Rocky Pt. open with Culloden Pt. This reef is plainly shown by the rip (buoyed in 1847)

8th. Cerberus Shoal this is, for large vessels, the most dangerous spot outside the Race, as it lies directly in the track, with but 13 feet water upon it, with pointed rocks, it is shown by the rip.

9th. Valiant Rock lies in about the middle of the Race, and has but 17 ft. water on it, Little Gull I Lt. H. bears from it S.W. by W. 3/4 W. (57° W.) distant 2 miles, and New London Lt. Ho. N. 1/4 W. (N. 10 1/2° W.) distant 3 1/2 miles.  The marks for it are Mistic Lt. Ho. just open to the port hand of Fishers I., New London Lt. Ho. on with the gap in Bolle’s Hill ( N. of New London); Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. just open to the Southw’d of Great Gull I. and the point of Fisher’s I. South of Mt. Prospect, in range with the S. E. or most distant point of Fisher’s I. in sight.

10th. Race Rock lies S.W. 3/4 W. (S. 45° W.) 1/2 of a mile from the West end of Fishers I. and has but 4 feet water upon it, There has been a Spindle upon it, but but it is at present (1847) marked by two buoys which are never seen but at slack water.  The mark to clear it, is Mistic Lt. Ho. open to the Northw’d of North Hill.

11th. Old Silas a rock out of water, between Plum and Great Gull Islands, lies 3/4 of a mile East, a little Northerly (N. 81° E.) from the East end of Plum I. with a reef between it and Plum I. having only 4 feet water.

12th. Bedford Reef  lies 3/4 of a mile S. by E. from Old Silas, with 13 ft water on it.  The mark to clear it is Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. open to the Northw’d of North Hill.

13th. A dangerous Rock nearly awash,  on the South side of Plum I. 1/2 ft water upon it, 12 ft. inside and 3 1/2 fms. outside.  The mark to clear it is Little Gull I. Lt. Ho. on with Southern slope of Mt. Prospect.

14th. Reef between Watch Hill and Fisher’s I.  should not be approached in light weather, as the tidal current sets directly across it with great strength.

15th. Gangway Rock lies 300 yards, S. by W. (S. 3° W.) from Watch Hill Lt. Ho. with 2 ft. water upon it, 2 1/2 fms inside.

In. Fisher’s I. Sound and off New London Harbor, are many Rocks and Reefs, most of which are marked by Spindles or Buoys; knowledge of them can be best obtained by a careful study of the chart (See Harbor Charts of New London and Fisher’s I. Sound.)

Note. The Courses and Bearings without brackets are Magnetic.  Those within are True, and the Distances are in Nautical miles.

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